When will the 5G network be available?
Mobile phone carriers plan to roll out the first 5G wireless services in 2019, but we probably won’t see the full benefits of 5G until at least 2020.
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How fast are 5G speeds?
At its maximum speed, 5G will be 100x faster than the current 4G technology. Users will be able to download a full-length movie in half a minute or less.
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What is 5G home internet?
5G home internet will allow users to connect to faster speeds at home, and it will bring the benefits of broadband to places that currently have poor connection.
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What is the future of 5G?
The internet is evolving at a blistering pace, and the expansive capacity of 5G will be crucial to making the most of the newest technologies.
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What is 5G Wireless Technology?
The new generation of 5G aims to achieve super-fast download speeds, high reliability, and extremely low latency. Perhaps more interestingly, the new capabilities of 5G wireless will make mobile competitive with wired broadband networks, and bring wireless first strategies to completely new markets.
Wireless telecommunication is always driving forward in search of the next great thing. Presently, the 5th generation of wireless technology developing will deliver super-fast and ultra-reliable new digital features.
5G network speeds promise that the digital world is set to become wireless first. The technology’s promise of speed and reliability will transform the way that data moves across industries that are ripe for digital disruption.
5G, also known as fifth-generation cellular wireless, is the fifth iteration in wireless technology (following 4G or the fourth generation). The defining characteristic that sets each generation apart is their “data transmission speed” or the speed at which data is transmitted over a network. As each generation is launched, the speed that data can be transmitted becomes faster, meaning 5G will have the fastest data transmission speeds over any of the previous generations. It will also provide users with not only greater speed but also be more responsive and allow more devices to be connected at one time.
The potential of the first generation of wireless networks was unknown at its launch. Those analog voice networks were remarkable achievements for the time; even without any of the additional features we now take for granted.
The innovations that followed in the nineties made it possible to encrypt transmissions for voice and data. Since that time, 3G and 4G LTE have evolved wireless networks along a trend of increasing features and capacity to the present day.
Now, with the introduction of 5G technology, wireless is set to expand beyond mobile telecommunications. It is the natural progression from previous iterations. The power and capacity of the technologies that underlie 5G endow it with the potential to be much more than just a new mobile data standard.
When will 5G be available?
The question of 5G availability still has no definitive answer. Mobile phone carriers plan to roll out the first 5G wireless services incrementally in 2019. However, Apple’s iPhone will not support 5G until at least 2020.
While some of the features of the 5G network can be rolled out on existing 4G infrastructures, they will not achieve the full benefit until the carriers make substantial investments in new equipment and network fiber. So, truly innovative services that take full advantage of higher 5G speeds may not be available until late 2020.
How fast is 5G?
5G allows access to the higher end of the RF spectrum, which will make it possible to have download speeds of up to 1 GBPS indoors and 300 MBPS outside. The wireless service providers plan to achieve this by deploying a dense network of extremely high-frequency antennas. Soon there will be sub-millimeter antennas attached to existing towers, lampposts, buildings, and any other high point within reach.
What the blisteringly fast 5G network speeds means for consumers is moving massive files, very fast. For example, users will be able to stream several 4K movies at once or download a full-length cinematic film in half a minute or less.
Fortunately, the gains in efficiency and utilization will help to offset the cost of the new infrastructure. Greater energy efficiency means cooler operating temperatures, hence less energy expended on active cooling for base station equipment resulting in lower costs.
The need for large amounts of capital to invest in new infrastructure gives wireless service providers strong incentives to exploit new opportunities and business models. This, in turn, will drive the adoption of 5G beyond mobile wireless, and in pursuit of wireless home internet customers, edge computing, and machine-to-machine communication. The additional revenue will help to justify the capital investment that makes 5G possible.
The Benefits and Effects of 5G Networks
5G speed and fidelity will reduce latency and increase reliability, facilitating critical control for remote industrial, medical, and vehicle safety applications. In addition to enhanced mobile broadband, it will also enable more simultaneous connections to networks. Finally, 5G will provide broadband access to fixed sites, where wired solutions are not economically viable.
McKinsey predicts a host of broad economic benefits to all parties in the communications value chain. Local governments, equipment manufacturers and installers, backhaul providers, Over-The-Top service providers, and handset manufacturers will all benefit by contributing to the creation of new hardware, software, and content that will become possible at 5G network speeds.
It is predicted that 5G will support 22 million jobs and contribute $12.3 trillion to the global economy by 2035. The result will be the transformation of traditional bricks and mortar industries as they invest in new digital infrastructure.
The near future promises to bring new uses that have not begun to emerge at this point, but which will be evident once the technology has matured. As new hardware rolls out it will help service providers keep up with emerging technologies such as IoT, make it possible to get the most value and functionality from new tech.
5G is the telecom industry initiative to build on existing data transfer technology and keep pace with the demand for wireless broadband connections. It is not, however, just the smartphone market that will draw on the high data rate capacity of 5G. The goal is an eventual standard that supports data rates of ten gigabits to smartphones and any other device that employs wireless for data.
New business models for wireless will emerge as 5G wireless grows to dominance, in addition to those that are already available on 4G networks. Reliable and fast connections mean that the gigabyte-sized files of movies, games, and VR will download quickly. The new capacity will support autonomous vehicles, streaming 4K videos, mixed reality, and the high-density concentrations of IoT devices.
5G Internet Networks at Home
One of the goals of 5G is that it should be competitive or ultimately replace the fastest alternatives. The primary competitors are broadband Internet fiber networks, which make the final connections with customers by Wi-Fi. Chromecast Home and Google Fiber locations, promise Gigabit speeds.
Fixed wireless 5G that can match or exceed the capacity of Home Chromecast broadband landlines will bring the benefits of broadband to places that presently have poor Internet availability. Additionally, in locations that do not yet have fiber, 5G wireless home Internet will be a very competitive alternative for consumer broadband.
Pushing Infrastructure to The Edge
Change is coming to cloud computing as 5G expands the computation infrastructure at the edges. The edges of networks will have much more power available to handle critical computing tasks. The time taken to transmit to the Cloud storage center is time lost because mission-critical applications run fastest when they are as close to the user as possible.
Rather than sending data to distant data centers, cell towers will have the capabilities to transmit from one local machine to another. Collecting data and processing it at the edge saves the lost time spent communicating with the Cloud.
The Future of 5G
Low Latency to Open The Possibilities
The Cloud will still provide storage and process lower priority data functions such as SaaS applications. The rising demand for hardware will drive down the cost of computing devices and specialized chips. The commoditization of mobile phone and graphics chips shows what is likely to happen to the vision, VR, and AI chips in the near future.
High-speed data and low latency change everything. Applications and use cases become possible that were too technically demanding previously. Augmented reality, autonomous vehicles, and remotely managed heavy equipment become real possibilities.
Advanced Automotive Automation
The high data rates of 5G mean that Augmented Reality (AR) and Virtual Reality (VR) applications will work seamlessly and without glitches. Self-driving cars will have all the computing power they require without the latency of communicating with remote cloud servers.
Self-driving vehicles need information in fast-moving traffic, and the computing capabilities to make correct decisions without any latency. Estimates of how much data will come from production model self-driving cars vary wildly. However, the expectation is that each car will work with Terabytes and require the supporting computational resources that will respond in the millisecond time frame.
So when there are millions of self-driving cars parked in communities across the country, each with the power of a small data center, that processing power can be shared or sold for other computational activities that are sensitive to latency, such as augmented reality.
Remote Mission-Critical Control Capabilities
Skilled operators and technicians will be able to operate devices from anywhere in the world, remain clear of hazardous environments, and apply the utmost skills and knowledge, exactly where it is required. Remote control of industrial robots makes it possible to put them in remote locations such as construction sites and mining operations more safely.
Telemedicine, remote consultations, and robotic surgery become feasible when 5G eliminates latency and provides reliable mobile connections. The extreme capacity of 5G makes remote medicine a reality. Files such as x-rays cannot be compressed because it creates artifacts that undermine the ability of clinicians to diagnose diseases from faint traces on x-ray images.
Remote surgery will be more practical with reliable and fast connections. Hospitals will benefit from IoT and the high density of connections permitted by 5G. Medical devices crowded into small spaces will still connect without the risk of running out of bandwidth.
Massive Machine to Machine IoT
The Internet of Things (IoT) is proliferating at a blistering pace, and the free-range nature of IoT devices means that a high density of busy devices seeking to phone home. The potential data traffic could be even higher as machines talk to one another continuously via 5G wireless network connections.
Edge computing is a powerful resource that defines the architecture of machine-to-machine communication and control. The network infrastructure gives IoT devices and sensors the ability to monitor and control the surrounding network resources to monitor and manage data.
Too many Machines to Count
According to Andreessen Horowitz partner Peter Levine, trillions of machines will soon work together and keep the computation at the edge, close at hand. Machine-to-machine automation will change in response to the vast quantities of data generated by these countless new applications, sensors, and devices.
When so many machines connect to wireless networks, it will drive the adoption of machine learning tools to manage the data, Levine says. These machines will demand a scope of management that will not be possible to address in any other way.
In critical applications, the time loop between sensing environmental conditions and obstacles, making inferences from the data, and taking appropriate action will have to be as tight and agile as possible. Machine-to-machine wireless data management capabilities will help to make Levine’s prediction a practical reality.
Planning for a future beyond 5G
The initial plans for 6G are already on the drawing board and in negotiation. At present, plans to move beyond 5G are still a developing process to implement the most advanced technologies as they emerge.
For the 2030s and beyond we will see networks that make full use of the Terahertz range of radio frequencies. What it is that will become 6G, if that will be the official term for it, is yet to be determined.
Research is beginning into systems that operate in the 100 GHz to 1 THz range. Such networks could potentially handle many more simultaneous connections and hundreds or even thousands of times the data that early 5G is expected to handle.
This expansive capacity of 5G wireless networks will be vital to make the most of new technologies as they mature and prevent bottlenecks if devices proliferate in the ways that we can reasonably expect.